Who has your data? And how can the government get it?
The questions are more complicated than they might seem.
In the last month, we’ve seen Facebook criticized and scrutinized at every turn for the way they collect and share their users’ data. Much of that criticism was deserved, but what was missing in that discussion were the companies that have your data without even your knowledge, let alone your consent.
The relationship between a user and Facebook is at least relatively straightforward. The user knows his or her data has been placed in Facebook, and legislation could be updated relatively easily to protect his or her expectation of privacy in that data.
But what about the data consumer service companies share with third parties?
So much of the data economy involves companies and businesses that don’t necessarily have you as a customer, and thus even less incentive to protect your interests.
What about data that’s supposedly de-identified or anonymized? We know that such data can be combined with another dataset to re-identify people. Could the government seek that kind of data and avoid getting even a subpoena? Increasingly, the companies that have data about you aren’t even the companies you initially transacted with. How will existing privacy laws, even proposed reforms by the Digital Due Process coalition, deal with this reality?
These are all questions that consume us at the Common Data Project for good reason. As an organization dedicated to enabling the safe disclosure of personal information, we are committed to talking about privacy and anonymity in measurable ways, rather than with vague promises.
Google only shares personal information with other companies or individuals outside of Google in the following limited circumstances:…
We have a good faith belief that access, use, preservation or disclosure of such information is reasonably necessary to (a) satisfy any applicable law, regulation, legal process or enforceable governmental request
We think the datatrust needs to be do better than that. We want to know exactly what “enforceable government request” means. We want to think creatively about what individual privacy rights mean when organizations are sharing information with each other. We’ve written up the aspects that seem most directly relevant to our project here, including 1) a quick overview of federal privacy law; 2) implications for data collectors today; and 3) implications for the datatrust.
We ultimately have more questions than answers. But we definitely can’t assume we know everything there is to know. Even at the Supreme Court, where the Justices seem to have some trouble understanding how pagers and text messages work, they understand that the world is changing quickly. (See City of Ontario v. Quon.) We all need to be asking questions together.
So take a look. Let us know if there are issues we’re missing. What are some other questions we should be asking?